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Fiscal Year 2014 Federal Child Care Subsidy Report

Wednesday, October 12, 2016

I am pleased to share the results of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Fiscal Year 2014 Federal Child Care Subsidy Program (FCCSP) Report. As required by 5 CFR 792.204, OPM collects data on Federal child care subsidy programs, and this biannual report presents program information from Fiscal Year 2014. Numerous agencies offer child care subsidy programs, yet few Federal employees are benefiting from them. Given rising child care costs, subsidy programs present an opportunity for Federal agencies to expand their supports for employees with child care responsibilities, yielding potential benefits for employees and agencies.



Federal agencies are authorized by law to provide subsidies for child care to their lower-income employees (40 USC 590 (g)). Agencies have the discretion to offer a subsidy and consider various factors such as budget, mission priorities, and the demographics and needs of their employee population when deciding to offer the program. Agencies are given broad latitude in determining program parameters, including income ceilings and amounts to be disbursed.


It is important to subsidize child care considering the growing number of households with two working parents. There is a pressing need for affordable child care considering the largest percentage of the incomes for low-income and single-parent families is spent on child care.



  • About a third of agencies offered child care subsidy programs in Fiscal Year 2014. 
  • On average, less than half of one percent of agency employees received subsidies across the Government.
  • The average income ceiling of about $70,000 was considerably higher than the average family income for program participants (about $47,000).
  • On average, agency disbursements covered 47 percent of pre-subsidy child care costs.


Agencies are encouraged to establish child care subsidy programs and to increase the level of program awareness. Information about the FCCSP is available 2014 Federal Child Care Subsidy Program.  If you have any questions regarding this report, please contact


cc:  Chief Human Capital Officers, Deputy Chief Human Capitals, and Work-Life Coordinators