The President has signed an Executive order to implement the January 2016 pay adjustments. (See Attachment 1.) The Executive order authorizes a 1 percent across-the-board increase for statutory pay systems and locality pay increases costing approximately 0.3 percent of basic payroll, reflecting an overall average pay increase of 1.3 percent. This is consistent with the President’s alternative pay plan issued under 5 U.S.C. 5303(b) on August 28, 2015, and the President’s alternative pay plan issued under 5 U.S.C. 5304a on November 30, 2015. This memorandum reviews relevant portions of the Executive order and provides general information on the 2016 pay rates.
2016 Salary Tables and Effective Date
We have posted the 2016 salary tables on the U.S. Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM’s) website at https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/. The 2016 pay schedules will become effective the first day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after January 1, 2016 (January 10, 2016, based on the standard biweekly payroll cycle).
The General Schedule and Other Statutory Pay Systems
The Executive order provides an across-the-board increase of 1 percent in the rates of basic pay for the statutory pay systems––the General Schedule (GS), the Foreign Service schedule, and certain schedules for the Veterans Health Administration of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Special base rates for law enforcement officers at GS grades 3 through 10 also are increased by 1 percent. (These law enforcement officers are assigned the “GL” pay plan code.)
Under 5 U.S.C. 5318, Executive Schedule (EX) rates of pay will be increased by 1 percent (rounded to the nearest $100). The EX salary table is available on OPM’s website at https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/2016/executive-senior-level/.
Senior Executive Service
Under 5 U.S.C. 5382, the minimum rate of basic pay for the Senior Executive Service (SES) rate range will be adjusted to be consistent with the increase in the minimum rate of basic pay for senior-level positions under 5 U.S.C. 5376 ($123,175 in 2016). The applicable maximum rate of basic pay for the SES will be $185,100 (EX-II) for SES members covered by a certified SES performance appraisal system and $170,400 (EX-III) for SES members covered by an SES performance appraisal system that has not been certified. An SES member at the minimum rate of the SES rate range must receive a pay increase of 1 percent in January 2016, since an SES member may not receive less than the minimum rate of the SES rate range. An agency’s determination to adjust the rate of basic pay for an SES member that is approved by the end of the first pay period in January 2016 (January 23, 2016) may be made effective as of the first day of that first pay period (January 10, 2016). Determinations to adjust SES pay that are approved after January 23, 2016, will become effective at the beginning of the next pay period following the approval. OPM’s regulations for setting and adjusting SES pay are available at 5 CFR part 534, subpart D.
Senior-Level and Scientific and Professional Positions
The minimum rate of basic pay for the senior-level (SL) and scientific and professional (ST) rate range will be increased by 1 percent ($123,175 in 2016), which is the amount of the across-the-board GS increase. The applicable maximum rate of basic pay will be $185,100 (EX-II) for SL or ST employees covered by a certified SL/ST performance appraisal system and $170,400 (EX-III) for SL or ST employees covered by an SL/ST performance appraisal system that has not been certified. An SL or ST employee at the minimum rate of the SL/ST rate range must receive a pay increase of 1 percent in January 2016, since an SL or ST employee may not receive less than the minimum rate of the SL/ST rate range. Effective at the same time the General Schedule is adjusted (January 10, 2016), agencies must adjust each SL/ST employee’s rate of basic pay by the amount the agency determines to be appropriate. (See 5 CFR 534.507.) An agency’s determination to adjust the rate of basic pay for an SL/ST employee that is approved by the end of the first pay period in January 2016 (January 23, 2016) may be made effective as of the first day of that first pay period (January 10, 2016). OPM’s regulations for setting and adjusting SL/ST pay are available at 5 CFR part 534, subpart E.
Pay Freeze for Certain Senior Political Officials
The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016, contains a provision that continues the freeze on the payable pay rates for the Vice President and certain senior political appointees at 2013 levels during calendar year 2016. (See section 738 of title VII of Division E of the Act.) The OPM guidance on the 2014 pay freeze for certain senior political officials is generally applicable in applying the pay freeze in 2016. (See OPM guidance memorandum CPM 2014-03 at https://www.chcoc.gov/content/2014-pay-freeze-certain-senior-political-officials.) However, the dates in the guidance must be updated to apply the new pay freeze period commencing on the first day of the first pay period that begins in January 2016 and ending on the last day of the last pay period that begins in calendar year 2016 (i.e., January 10, 2016, through January 7, 2017, for those on the standard biweekly payroll cycle). Sections in CPM 2014-03 that dealt with the enactment of the pay freeze provision after the beginning of the calendar year are not applicable.
Please note that the Executive order on 2016 pay adjustments shows the official pay rates (or ranges) for the Vice President, Executive Schedule positions, and certain other positions occupied by employees affected by the pay freeze. These official statutory rates of pay for the Vice President and Executive Schedule positions are used in determining the rate ranges and aggregate pay limitations for employees and pay systems unaffected by the pay freeze, such as GS, SL, ST, and SES positions. Also, the official 2016 pay rate for EX-IV of $160,300 must be used in applying the trigger for coverage under the pay freeze for political appointees in SES, SL, and certain other covered positions described in CPM 2014-03. An SES or SL political appointee paid less than $160,300 may receive a pay increase up to this rate but may not receive an increase above this rate or any subsequent increase except as provided in the pay freeze statutory authority referenced above.
Administrative Law Judges
The Executive order reflects a decision by the President to increase the rates of basic pay for administrative law judges (ALJs) by 1 percent, rounded to the nearest $100. The rate of basic pay for AL-1 will be $160,300 (equivalent to the rate for EX-IV). The rate of basic pay for AL-2 will be $156,300. The rates of basic pay for AL-3/A through 3/F will range from $107,000 to $148,100. The ALJ salary table is available on OPM’s website at https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/2016/executive-senior-level/.
Administrative Appeals Judges
Under 5 U.S.C. 5372b, the rates of basic pay for administrative appeals judge (AAJ) positions must be set at a rate not less than the minimum rate of basic pay for level AL-3 and not more than the maximum rate of basic pay for level AL-3 of the ALJ pay system established under 5 U.S.C. 5372. At 5 CFR 534.603, OPM’s regulations link the structure of the AAJ pay system directly to the structure for level AL-3 of the ALJ pay system. The AAJ pay system includes six rates of basic pay—AA-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. These rates correspond to the rates of basic pay for AL-3/A, B, C, D, E, and F of the ALJ pay system. The AAJ salary table is available on OPM’s website at https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/2016/executive-senior-level/.
Locality Pay Areas in 2016
On October 27, 2015, OPM published a final rule in the Federal Register on behalf of the President’s Pay Agent establishing 13 new locality pay areas and adding a number of counties to the definitions of current locality pay areas. The changes are applicable the first day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after January 1, 2016 (January 10, 2016, based on the standard biweekly payroll cycle). The final rule can be found at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2015-10-27/pdf/2015-27380.pdf. Locality pay area definitions are available at https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/2016/locality-pay-area-definitions/.
The President’s Executive order reflects the amounts of the 2016 locality payments for GS employees implemented by the President under his alternative pay plan authority. Attachment 2 provides a table showing the 2016 locality pay percentage and total percentage increase in each locality pay area (reflecting the combined effect of the 1 percent across-the-board increase and the applicable increase in the locality pay percentage). Also provided is a chart showing an example of how the 2016 locality rate and total increase are computed for an employee in the Rest of U.S. locality pay area. (See Attachment 3.) GS locality rates are limited to the rate for EX-IV. (See 5 U.S.C. 5304(g)(1) and the “Executive Schedule” section, above.)
Locality Pay Extensions
On November 20, 2015, OPM issued a memorandum on behalf of the President’s Pay Agent (the Secretary of Labor and the Directors of the Office of Management and Budget and OPM) that continues GS locality payments for ALJs and certain other non-GS employee categories in 2016. By law, EX officials, SES members, employees in SL/ST positions, and employees in certain other equivalent pay systems are not authorized to receive locality payments. (Note: An exception applies to certain grandfathered SES, SL, and ST employees stationed in a nonforeign area on January 2, 2010. See CPM 2009-27.) The memo is available at https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/continuation-of-locality-payments-for-non-general-schedule-employees.pdf.
Cost-of-Living Allowance Rates for Nonforeign Areas
As provided under the Nonforeign Area Retirement Equity Assurance Act of 2009 (subtitle B of title XIX of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84, October 28, 2009)), employees in nonforeign areas entitled to cost-of-living allowances (COLAs) have corresponding reductions in their COLAs when locality rates increase. The locality and COLA rates in each COLA area are available athttps://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/pay-systems/nonforeign-areas/.
We are issuing a separate memorandum announcing the results of OPM’s annual review of special rates and the 2016 special rate adjustments.
Prevailing Rate Pay Adjustments
We are issuing a separate memorandum on pay adjustments for certain prevailing rate (wage) employees.
Aggregate Limitation on Pay
The aggregate limitation on pay for calendar year 2016 will be $205,700 (equivalent to the rate for EX-I). SES members and employees in SL/ST positions who are covered by a certified performance appraisal system are subject to a higher aggregate limitation on pay of the Vice President’s salary ($237,700 in 2016). (See 5 U.S.C. 5307 and 5 CFR part 530, subpart B.) Information on obtaining certification of performance appraisal systems is available at https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/senior-executive-service/certification/.
2016 Premium Pay Caps
Under 5 U.S.C. 5547(a) and 5 CFR 550.105, GS and other covered employees may receive certain types of premium pay in a biweekly pay period only to the extent that the sum of basic pay and such premium pay for the pay period does not exceed the greater of the biweekly rate payable for (1) GS-15, step 10 (including any applicable locality payment or special rate supplement), or (2) the rate payable for EX-V ($150,200 in 2016). In certain emergency or mission-critical situations, an agency may apply an annual premium pay cap instead of a biweekly premium pay cap, subject to the conditions prescribed in law and regulation. (See 5 U.S.C. 5547(b) and 5 CFR 550.106–550.107.) We have posted the 2016 biweekly premium pay caps on OPM’s website at https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/pay-administration/#url=Biweekly-Pay-Caps.
Under section 1108 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92, November 25, 2015), the head of an agency may waive, during calendar year 2016, the premium pay cap under 5 U.S.C. 5547 for civilian employees working in certain overseas locations. We will issue a separate memorandum with additional information on this authority and other recent legislative changes.
Adjusting Retained Rates
Certain employees are entitled to retained rates above the applicable rate range under 5 U.S.C. 5363 and 5 CFR part 536. As provided in 5 U.S.C. 5363(b)(2)(B) and 5 CFR 536.305,when the maximum rate of the highest applicable rate range for an employee’s position of record is increased while the employee is receiving a retained rate, the employee is entitled to 50 percent of the amount of the increase in that maximum rate. An example of adjusting a retained rate in January 2016 can be found in the fact sheet at https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/pay-administration/fact-sheets/January-2016-pay-examples. We have also updated our fact sheet on pay retention for former National Security Personnel System employees at https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/pay-administration/fact-sheets/pay-retention-for-former-nsps-employees/.
Agencies are required to notify SES members, SL and ST employees, and other individuals who are paid at a rate of basic pay equal to or greater than 86.5 percent of the rate for EX-II ($185,100 x 86.5 percent = $160,112 in 2016) that they are subject to certain post-employment restrictions in 18 U.S.C. 207(c)(2)(A)(ii). OPM’s regulations requiring notification of post-employment restrictions are available at 5 CFR part 730. Agencies may continue to use the sample notice OPM provided in its memorandum of January 6, 2004 (CPM 2004-01), to notify an SES member, an SL or ST employee, or other individual that he or she is subject to the post-employment restrictions in 18 U.S.C. 207(c). (Agencies will need to update the pay system, salary threshold, and effective date, as appropriate.) The sample notice is available at http://archive.opm.gov/oca/compmemo/2004/2004-01_attach1.asp.
Order for Processing Pay Actions
The general pay adjustments that take effect in January 2016 must be processed before any individual pay action (e.g., a within-grade increase or promotion) that takes effect on the same date. General pay adjustments include across-the-board increases under 5 U.S.C. 5303 and increases in locality payments or other geographic adjustments, special rate supplements, and retained rates. If multiple individual pay actions become effective on the date of the January 2016 pay adjustment, those actions must be processed in the order applicable to the employee’s pay system (e.g., the simultaneous action rule for GS employees in 5 CFR 531.206).
We have updated examples of pay computations to reflect the January 2016 pay adjustments for GS employees:
Examples of January 2016 Pay Computations – See https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/pay-administration/fact-sheets/January-2016-pay-examples/.
How to Compute Rates of Pay - See https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/pay-administration/fact-sheets/how-to-compute-rates-of-pay/.
How to Compute Fair Labor Standards Act Overtime Pay - See https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/pay-administration/fact-sheets/how-to-compute-flsa-overtime-pay/.
Agency headquarters-level human resources offices may contact OPM at email@example.com. Employees should contact their agency human resources offices for assistance.
3 Attachments (see below PDFs)
cc: Chief Human Capital Officers, and Human Resources Directors